NASA/JPL Space Iamges

Pluto's Varied Terrain

1(Pluto in High Definition – New Horizons)

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                            Welcome back My Dear Shoevians to The Other Shoe. My Dear Shoevians I greatly appreciate your support in continuing to visit and; read, view, like, share and enjoy my works. Due to my damaged laptop computer (My writing computer of the past seven years) my ability to write and publish articles on a regular-to-frequent basis has been limited. Today, Saturday, I was allowed access to a neighbor’s computer and I have spent the past five hours working to catch-up and write and publish a couple of articles. This is the second, and last, article I will be able to write and publish until sometime next week. However if you, My Dear Shoevians, have showed your support and made donations to my PayPal account (enzomatrix@earthlink.net @ PayPal) I will have my laptop repaired as expeditiously as possible and return to my frequent publication schedule. Today, I have to share, another edition of ‘Lost in Space – Pluto – New Horizons’. Today’s images are (mostly) High-Definition and the very best images of Pluto that I have ever seen!

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The image, above, is called The Rich Color Variations of Pluto’. This image was taken on July 14th, 2015 by by the Ralph/Multispectral Visual Imaging Camera (MVIC) aboard the ‘New Horizons’ spacecraft as it leaves Pluto forever. As with all the images I publish at all four of my blog locations, if you click on the image it will take you to a full definition/full screen version of this incredible image of Pluto. All in all, today, I will be sharing with you, My Dear Shoevians, SEVEN brand new High-Definition images of Pluto taken by the ‘New Horizons’ spacecraft. Truthfully? I really did not think I would be able to provide (to you, My Dear Shoevians) any editions of ‘Lost in Space’ or ‘The Mars Report’ until my computer was repaired or replaced. Little did I know that I would meet a new resident of my apartment complex that liked my blog(s) so much that he offered to allow me to use one of his computers for my work. Thank you David!

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Pluto’s Varied Terrain

2(Pluto’s Varied Terrain)

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The image, above, was taken just before the closest approach to Pluto on July 14th, 2015. This is one of the sharpest images that has ever been taken of the surface of Pluto. The image reveals details down to scales of 270 meters. This image is of a 75 mile square area showing textured plains surrounding two isolated ice mountains. The ice mountains are high in copper resulting in the rust color of the outcrops of minerals.

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Perplexing Pluto New ‘Snakeskin’ Image and More from New Horizons

3(Perplexing Pluto New ‘Snakeskin’ Image and More from New Horizons)

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Our next image, above, was taken near the terminator of Pluto. The terminator is the line that separates night from day. Called “snakeskin” by the New Horizons team members, this surface geology is unfamiliar to all. This is what they had to say about this all new geology:

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It’s a unique and perplexing landscape stretching over hundreds of miles,” said William McKinnon, New Horizons Geology, Geophysics and Imaging (GGI) team deputy lead from Washington University in St. Louis. “It looks more like tree bark or dragon scales than geology. This’ll really take time to figure out; maybe it’s some combination of internal tectonic forces and ice sublimation driven by Pluto’s faint sunlight.”4 This image was taken on July 14th, 2015 and downlinked to NASA/JPL (here on Earth) on September 19th, 2015. The image was taken by the Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) and covers an area roughly 330 miles (530 kilometers) across at the bizarrely textured mountains, informally named the Tartarus Dorsa . Honestly, My Dear Shoevians, it really does look more like Dragon Scales than surface geology of a exo-planet. Scientists are not sure just how these geologic surface formations were created, but the think that it is a combination of “internal tectonic forces and ice sublimation driven by Pluto’s faint sunlight”. We will only find out when we land men on Pluto and begin sub-surface exploration.

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Tartarus Dorsa

5(Tartarus Dorsa)

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The image, above, is a broad-area view of the land mass Tartarus Dorsa. At about three o’clock we see the area of the close-up pictured in the next image, above. This way we see the close-up of the area, and a broad-area image of the whole terminator line on the surface of Pluto.

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Sputnik Planum

6(Sputnik Planum)

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For our next image, My Dear Shoevians, we have the Sputnik Planum’ area of Pluto. This area is located, roughly, 300 miles to the east of the areas pictured in the two previous images. All of these images were taken during New Horizons’ closest approach on July 14th, 2015 and downlinked to Earth just days ago on September 19th-20th, 2015. I have to tell you, My Dear Shoevians, I just couldn’t have timed the writing and publication of this edition of ‘Lost in Space’ if I had a schedule of downlinks from NASA/JPL. NO, I do not have such a schedule, I just check on all the NSA/JPL web sites several times a week and just go lucky! Although, the timing of barrowing a computer just in time to download the images and write the article… is just uncanny.

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Mosaic of High-Resolution Images of Pluto

7(Mosaic of High-Resolution Images of Pluto)

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Now, My Dear Shoevians, if you look at about 7 O’clock on this image you can see the Sputnik Planum’. ‘ Sputnik Planum’ is the area of the close-up in the previous image shared here, and now we step back and have a larger area view. Looking very closely, you can clearly see the small island out-crop that is featured in the color image. Again, this image was taken on July 14th, 2015 and downlinked between September 4th and 5th, 2015. Yes, My Dear Shoevians, I have worked hard to stage these images so that you see the close-up (first), then the larger-area-view in the nest image of the series. Unfortunately, My Dear Shoevians, I am running out of time… on this borrowed computer, so I am going to rush the end of this article. I apologize for this… I just want to make sure that I have this article, and images, uploaded before I run out of time.

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Closer Look Majestic Mountains and Frozen Plains

8(Closer Look Majestic Mountains and Frozen Plains)

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Now, My Dear Shoevians, I really wish that I could have found a color version of this image. Seriously this image, for me, is breath-taking! For the very first time, in human history, we are seeing fog over mountain peaks on another planet!!! This image was taken, by the New Horizons spacecraft, just as it had finished its closest approach on July 14th, 2015. The spacecraft looked backward, like over its shoulder, back toward the sun and captured this near-sunset view of the rugged, icy mountains and flat ice plains extending to Pluto’s horizon.

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The smooth expanse of the informally named Sputnik Planum (right) is flanked to the west (left) by rugged mountains up to 11,000 feet (3,500 meters) high, including the informally named Norgay Montes in the foreground and Hillary Montes on the skyline. The backlighting highlights more than a dozen layers of haze in Pluto’s tenuous but distended atmosphere. The image was taken from a distance of 11,000 miles (18,000 kilometers) to Pluto; the scene is 230 miles (380 kilometers) across.”9

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Global Mosaic of Pluto in True Color

10(Global Mosaic of Pluto in True Color)

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Now, My Dear Shoevians, above is a global mosaic of Pluto’s surface presented in true color.

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Four images from New Horizons’ Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) were combined with color data from the Ralph instrument to create this sharper global view of Pluto. (The lower right edge of Pluto in this view currently lacks high-resolution color coverage.) The images, taken when the spacecraft was 280,000 miles (450,000 kilometers) away from Pluto, show features as small as 1.4 miles (2.2 kilometers). That’s twice the resolution of the single-image view captured on July 13 and revealed at the approximate time of New Horizons’ July 14 closest approach.”11

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I find it amazing that both Pluto and Mars are ‘Red Planets’. I really had no idea that Pluto would end up being red in color. Our next image is of the same global mosaic, only presented in false color.

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Pluto Dazzles in False Color

12(Pluto Dazzles in False Color)

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The above image is the very same images as the previous image. However, during the processing stage NASA/JPL used a ‘False-color’ imaging filter to give us more visually appealing image. Here is the information, from the NSA/JPL web site, explaining the difference between the two versions of this same image.

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Four images from New Horizons’ Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) were combined with color data from the Ralph instrument to create this enhanced color global view. The images, taken when the spacecraft was 280,000 miles (450,000 kilometers) away, show features as small as 1.4 miles (2.2 kilometers).”13

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The Rich Color Variations of Pluto

14(The Rich Color Variations of Pluto)

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And with that image, My Dear Shoevians, we bring this article to an end with the exact same image as we began. If you look at the center of the image, looking left and down, you can see the Heart of Pluto! Where the rugged mountain outcrops meet the frozen plains you can see the heart shape… the heart shape than nobody had ever seen until New Horizons showed mankind the dwarf planet Pluto like we have never seen it before. I would like to thank David, again, for his kind lending of his computer so that I might be able to write and publish this article.

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For all of you that have not tuned into The Other Shoe for some time? My writing computer has broken down. The video adapter of the laptop has stop working and made my laptop writing computer unuseable. It still boots up… it can run… but I can no longer use the exterior monitor that sits on my bed-side desk. I can no longer use any 3D imaging programs of 3D games or animation of 3D publication. As well, if I continue to use the laptop (in its current condition) I run the real risk of doing more damage and perhaps damaging the computer beyond repair. I have written and published two articles about this problem, and my complete and total lack of financial means to pay for the much needed repairs.

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My Dear Shoevians, I would like to ask all of you to drop by and read the linked article ‘Computer Repair PROOF – Please Assist Me!’. In this article I explain what is wrong, give the estimates for repair I have already received, and share information on how to help! I am accepting donations via my PayPal account (enzomatrix@earthlink.net). PLEASE check out the article, in it I share the proof that the problem is real and my need is real. I apologize… but I really want to get back to writing and publishing on a regular basis… and I cannot do this with a malfunctioning computer. Check out the article… take a moment and think… and PLEASE consider helping me out and supporting my efforts to repair my most favorite computer in the world. I have written over 700 articles, two novels, business cards, newsletters and brochures all on this one laptop computer.

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PLEASE HELP.

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Adieu!

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Thank you!

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Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe
                        Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

© 2010 – 2015 Hanning Web Wurx and The Other Shoe

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NASA's Curiosity Rover Inspects Unusual Bedrock
NASA’s Curiosity Rover Inspects Unusual Bedrock

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Welcome back My Dear Shoevians to The Other Shoe. I am quite happy to announce that this week I did manage to; research, write, edit, footnote and embed images into five articles. This is my benchmark for a ‘Good’ week. Now, what makes this week even better than ‘Good’ (for me) is that this week contained my thesis work on the ‘P5+1 Iran Nuclear Deal – JCPOA’ (Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action)– ‘Iran Deal – Part Two’. This was a monumental task and was not possible without reading all 159 pages of the nuclear treaty. That, My Dear Shoevians, is a major accomplishment all by itself!

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Really, if you were to give my articles weight according to length and composition, I published about ten articles this week. Today ‘A Week in Review’ is a day late, and there will not be an edition of ‘Sunday Funnies’. I apologize for this whole in my regular publishing schedule, but I just had to take a few days’ break, after that thesis length article explaining the JPCOA. Now I am rested and, mostly, healed from that adventure and ready to move ahead.

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As I mentioned, late last week, this coming week I have another ‘Journey to L.A.’ on Tuesday. I was hoping to write and put a few articles into the hopper, for publication while I am gone and recovering. However, I have been unable to accomplish that goal as of yet. I will make every effort, today and tomorrow, to put together some articles. If all else fails, I will make several “Press This’ articles to fill in the week. Well, now that we are all caught up, I think that it is time to get the to heart of this article.

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So, without further adieu I give you ‘A Week in Review’!

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Hey! I'm napping here!
Hey! I’m napping here!
  • Sunday Funnies – July 26th – Mohawk Rat – Redux “Welcome back My Dear Shoevians to a Redux of a recent ‘Sunday Funnies’ titled ‘Mohawk Rat!’. In this video we can see Gryphon combing the fur on his head, after a recent bath. It looks like he is styling his fur into a Mohawk haircut. This will be the very first ‘Sunday Funnies’ to appear at my all new blog location. Hope everyone is having an enjoyable weekend. Have a great Sunday!” This is my, by far, most favorite video (so far) by my newest little furry friend, Gryphon. ‘Mohawk Rat!’ Is something that all my little furry fellows have done, after taking a bath, but Gryphon really get into it! Every time I run this article, I see a real spike in traffic. This shows me that Gryphon is going to be a highlight to this blog, and a star all his won. ENJOY!

 

Gale Crater's Surface Materials
Gale Crater’s Surface Materials
  • The Mars Report – July 27th, 2015 – “Our first image appears at the top of the article. This is an artist’s representation of NASA’s Mars Odyssey spacecraft. This June the 23rdthe Odyssey spacecraft made its 60,000th orbit over the Martian  Its orbiting began on October 23rd, 2001 and on December 15th, 2010 it became the longest orbiting spacecraft over Mars. My, notorious, last image of this edition was taken by Odyssey. An image will take your breath away.” My Dear Shoevians THIS was the very first article published at the new blog location, that was written and published, my original way. This is my most favorite article series, right up there with ‘Lost in Space’. My articles on space, and space exploration, have a special place in my heart. I hope that everyone takes a look at this edition, I put a lot of love into this work. ENJOY!

 

President John Kennedy Signing the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty of 1963
President John Kennedy Signing the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty of 1963
  • Iran – War or Peace – Part One – Historic Relevance – “Welcome back My Dear Shoevians to The Other Shoe. Today (July 28th, 2013) with this article I will engage and inform you, My Dear Shoevians, in a way and a theater of discussion which we are unaccustomed. I, generally, refrain from writing and publishing articles about domestic and/or foreign policy. In specific a discussion on American foreign policy and/or international treaties and their content. However, the current ‘P5+1 Iranian Nuclear Deal’ is of such international and historic significance I would be completely socially remiss if I did not share my insights and opinion. Therefore, My Dear Shoevians, I beg your indulgence (this time) while I work to dispel harmful rhetoric, enhance broader understanding and engage the men and women of America and the international community. Thank you for your understanding and support.” This article was written after listening to the ‘talking heads’ of the Right/Far-Right trash-talk our President and this agreement for many days. What I found most surprising, and enlightening, was that many (if not most) had not taken the time to READ the agreement PRIOR to starting the trash-talk. Debate, without knowledge, is not debate… it is a sophomoric exercise in Orwellian rhetoric. I will engage anyone on the FACTS and MERITS of this, or any, agreement. However, to engage in a public dressing down of; this President, the Secretary of State, and ALL the LEADERS of the P5+1 (Germany, Russia, China, the United Kingdom, America and France) WITHOUT having read a single word! Well, I have a name for that ‘Ignorant Hyperbolic Rhetoric’. In this article I draw a historic parallel between President Reagan and the SALT agreements, with the U.S.S.R. (our NUCLEAR nemesis at the time) and how his actions were categorized and the same rhetoric being used against President Obama now over this
P5+1 Ministers With Iranian Foreign Minister Zarif in Vienna
P5+1 Ministers With Iranian Foreign Minister Zarif in Vienna
  • Iran Deal – Part Two – The Agreement – “Welcome back My Dear Shoevians to The Other Shoe. As promised, today I am sharing with all of you the very TEXT of the ‘Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action’ aka the ‘P5+1 Iran Nuclear Agreement’. Today’s article has taken several days to complete. I do this out of a love of PEACE and the best possible future for our nation and its inhabitants. I do this for PEACE. … Now, without further adieu, I give you… … …” The single most important effort taken for PEACE in the first part of the Twenty-First Century. One-hundred-Fifty-nine pages of Treaty read – DONE! Treaty then researched and broken into digestible sections, DONE! Written: THIRTY pages of; explanation, narrative, background, and breakdown of a very complex and exacting treaty, DONE! In this, 30 page, article I have attempted to address each and every concern that has surfaced since the announcement of this agreement. I have taken the hyper partisan hyperbolic rhetoric and put aside my ‘feelings’ and treated their (Uninformed = they have NOT R E A D the agreement) talking points with dignity and honor. Then, I went about proving that their fears are, just that, ENJOY!

 

An artist’s illustration shows the pulsar just after having collided with the disk.
An artist’s illustration shows the pulsar just after having collided with the disk.

 

  • Chandra :: Photo Album :: PSR B1259-63 :: July 22, 2015 – “Welcome back My Dear Shoevians to The Other Shoe. While doing a little late night, or early morning, searching through NASA/JPL web site I stumbled upon THIS incredible image. Taken by the Chandra X-Ray observatory in space, this image shows a “Chuck of debris” being jettisoned from a “double-star system” at incredibly high speeds. Now, when they say “Chuck of debris” this is actually a sizable amount of debris, as it is One Hundred times the size of our solar system!” While wandering around the web, one day, I stumbled upon the most incredible image I have ever seen. An Artist impression of a galactic occurrence of biblical proportions, so I just had to share! The images are from the ‘Chandra X-Ray Space Telescope’ they are of a pulsar shooting a galaxy-sized cloud of space debris through the orbit of a star! This is the very first time mankind has ever bore witness to a space occurrence of this magnitude. I would be completely remiss if I didn’t share it with YOU, MY Dear Shoevians. ENJOY!

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With that, My Dear Shoevians, I bring this edition of ‘A Week in Review’ to a close, and this week’s publication to a close, as well. I do hope that everyone has enjoyed this week’s information and adventures. I will be back, next week, to share more and more of the world around us.

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Adieu!

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Thank you!

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Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe
Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

© 2010 – 2015 Hanning Web Wurx and The Other Shoe

 

 

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New Horizons Spacecraft

New Horizons Spacecraft

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(New Horizons Spacecraft)

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Welcome back My Dear Shoevians to The Other Shoe and the very first article I have written and published in nearly a month! Briefly, I have been plagued… terribly plagued with pains all over my body. From the base of my head all the way down into my arms and hands and now into my thighs and legs. MY spinal stenosis and degenerative disc disease has worsened, greatly. I am completely unable to sit up on the side of my bed and writing/publishing. I simply can not last long enough to do research or gather images for a single article (anywhere from six to fourteen images per article).

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In strides a ‘International Concern’ (that is what I was told to identify the parties involved in assisting me) willing to HELP! They purchased the very ‘Medical Bedside Table’ I pointed out, and have expressed the desire to assist with financing of my first year of an URL (hosting, registration, emails and all) for a web site ALL MY OWN! I am looking at www.theothershoe.co for the All NEW location of the primary blog for The Other Shoe. I will be keeping my blog at WordPress and Blogspot, too. All they have asked in return for their great generosity?

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1) The password to read all the finished pages of ‘The Horror in Smithville.

2) That I give them “First shot” at any novel(s), screenplay(s), and short story(s) that I write and finish in the same one year period.

3) FINISH ONE; novel, screenplay, or short story for them to read.

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That’s IT! They purchased, had shipped and delivered the table I desperately needed and are willing to help with the costs of registration of a domain, web hosting, and email for one blog location outside my current locations. How could I refuse!?!? I didn’t!

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Now, that I have cleared up all your questions My Dear Shoevians, I want to continue with this edition of ‘Lost in Space – New Horizons At Pluto’! As I was writing this article introduction I was also doing my research on the newest images from New Horizions[2]of Pluto and Charon. However, before I present these images and share my thoughts and observations mixed with technical and scientific information from NASA/JPL[3] I would like to take a moment to say “Thank you!”. Thank you to the ‘International Concern’ that took their time, money and effort to make this article and all that will follow for some time to come. If not for their help I would be stuck without the means to write and publish without creating severe pain and suffering. For all of you, My Dear Shoevians, that are regular readers (from all around the world) you know that since my battle with cancer I have repeatedly tried to return to a regular publishing schedule. Each and every time, I have failed. I have failed due to the increased and intractable pain that sitting (in any way), for extended periods of time, causes. Now I have a medical ‘Over-the-Bed’ styled table that I can sit (comfortably) in my bed-chair, with pillows supporting my head, neck and shoulders, thereby relieving all pressure and weight from my neck.

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How Big is Pluto? Decades Long Debate Settled
How Big is Pluto? Decades Long Debate Settled

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(How Big is Pluto? Decades Long Debate Settled)

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Whereas I know that you, My Dearest Shoevians, understand that between; research, uploading images, writing content, editing images, uploading images to three separate blog locations, uploading text and integrating text and images can take anywhere for six-eight hours to several DAYS. All of the ‘Gargantuan’ editions of ‘The Mars Report’ and ‘Lost in Space’ (deemed ‘Gargantuan’ once they reach 14+ pages in length and having 14+ images embedded) have taken two to three days from the very first image downloaded to my computer to the final editing and embedding of images into the finished article. Far from complaining I really rather enjoy these ‘Gargantuan’ editions. I just do not enjoy the days-weeks for pain that follows these endeavors. Now, that will (should be) a thing of the past.

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Right now I have already; researched, captured, uploaded, captioned and saved reference links for the eleven images that will make up this article. I see, from Task Manager, that my system has been ‘up’ for three hours and fifty-nine minuets. Yet, my neck and back… arms and hands are not hurting beyond my regular background level of pain. This IS a ‘Good Thing’! THANK YOU!

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The lead image of this edition is an artist’s impression of the New Horizons orbiter/spacecraft as it approaches Pluto. This was one of the very first images I saw when I started my research for the initial edition of ‘Lost in Space’ about the New Horizons’ mission. That’s right My Dear Shoevians; this is not my first article about the New Horizons mission, the spacecraft or its journey to the Kuiper Belt and Pluto. My original article, titled ‘Lost in Space – NASA Arrives at Kuiper Belt’[5] premiered April 17th, 2015. Long before this month’s media orgy over its arrival, close orbit, of the dwarf planet Pluto. I knew then that the arrival of New Horizons to the Kuiper Belt was a major accomplishment for America and mankind. I am just so very happy that I lived to see the day that man reached the very limits of our solar system. There is still the Oort Cloud, which I wrote about in my ‘Tour of Our Solar System #4’[6] series of ‘Lost in Space’ back in July 1st, 2014 (nearly exactly one year ago). Funny that I knew to write about this material as far back as one year ago, and as recently as in April of this year. Anywho. J

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Observations of Pluto Through the Years
Observations of Pluto Through the Years

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(Observations of Pluto Through the Years)

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The image, above, is a GIF. This GIF is actually a series of images of the dwarf planet Pluto as seen over the years. An animation combines many images taken of Pluto over the decades. The very first frame is a digital zoom of the initial discovery of Pluto in 1930 by Clyde Tombaugh, image courtesy of Lowell Observatory Archives. The final frame zooms in to a close-up frame of Pluto released on July 15, 2015. I thought this a fitting image to begin our journey into the newest images of Pluto thanks to the New Horizons orbiter spacecraft. Now, My Dear Shoevians, if you would like some information about; the launch of the mission, the mission patch, the spacecraft itself or anything-about New Horizons’ nine year/four billion mile journey you can read it in my original article here: Lost in Space – New Horizons – Redux.

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Pluto Image Sent to Earth on July 14. 2015
Pluto Image Sent to Earth on July 14. 2015

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(Pluto Image Sent to Earth on July 14. 2015)

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The black and white image, above, was taken by the Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) aboard the New Horizons spacecraft. It was taken on July 13, 2015 when the spacecraft was 476,000 miles (768,000 kilometers) from the surface of Pluto. This was, at the time it was taken, the very first High-Definition image ever taken of the surface of Pluto. The clarity and overall sharpness of this image is just breathtaking, to someone that has looked at blurry images and artist’s concept images for his entire life. For me, this image holds the same awe and mystery I found when I looked at the very first images astronauts Edwin ‘Buzz’ Aldrin and Neil Armstrong took of the surface of the moon, forty-six years ago. Next is a false color version of this same image.

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Pluto is Dominated by the Feature Informally Named the “Heart”
Pluto is Dominated by the Feature Informally Named the “Heart”

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(Pluto is Dominated by the Feature Informally Named the “Heart”)

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Above is the single sharpest image, of the dwarf planet Pluto, mankind has ever seen. Everyone associated with the ‘New Horizons’ mission understood, from the onset, that the orbiter would transmit the clearest/sharpest images of Pluto and Charon ever seen by man. I, for one, was just not really ready for what New Horizons delivered! Since I was a boy all I had ever seen, of Pluto, was blurry images that left more to the imagination than my eyes and artist’s concepts. Neither of which contained the all new feature (informally) named ‘The Heart’. If you, My Dear Shoevians, look to the lower right quadrant of the image above you can see the outline of ‘The Heart’. Almost like Pluto texting us a heart. As New Horizons sped towards Pluto it captured the following incredible portrait image, one of Pluto and Charon sharing a frame, together.

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A Portrait from the Final Approach to Pluto and Charon
A Portrait from the Final Approach to Pluto and Charon

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(A Portrait from the Final Approach to Pluto and Charon)

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For decades scientists have theorized that the surface of Pluto (a terran planet out past our Jovian gas giants) would likely have a surface covered with ice. To the joy of scientists the world over the orbiter New Horizons ‘Ralph’ instrument revealed an abundance of methane ice. The ‘Ralph’ instrument is actually several imaging devices in one package.

“Ralph includes the Multispectral Visible Imaging Camera (MVIC), which generates visible and near infrared multi-spectral images and a panchromatic “framing” array for navigation, and the Linear Etalon Imaging Spectral Array (LEISA), provided by NASA/Goddard, which generates short wave infrared hyperspectral images”[11]

However, Ralph (named after the 50’s television character in ‘The Honeymooners’) showed something more about the methane on the surface of Pluto. That this methane ice shows striking differences, from place to place, across the frozen surface of Pluto.

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““We just learned that in the north polar cap, methane ice is diluted in a thick, transparent slab of nitrogen ice resulting in strong absorption of infrared light,” said New Horizons co-investigator Will Grundy, Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, Arizona. In one of the visually dark equatorial patches, the methane ice has shallower infrared absorptions indicative of a very different texture. “The spectrum appears as if the ice is less diluted in nitrogen,” Grundy speculated “or that it has a different texture in that area.”[12]

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Below is an early composite infrared image of the surface of Pluto by the ‘Ralph’ imaging package.

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Pluto: The Ice Plot Thickens
Pluto: The Ice Plot Thickens

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(Pluto: The Ice Plot Thickens)

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For our next, and last, images (today) of Pluto I have saved the best for last. This image is a close-up of the surface of Pluto near the equator. These high-definition images held a surprise for scientists and geologists alike. The ‘giant surprise’ was a range of youthful mountains rising as high as 11,000 feet (3,500 meters) above the surface of the icy body.

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“The mountains likely formed no more than 100 million years ago — mere youngsters relative to the 4.56-billion-year age of the solar system — and may still be in the process of building…” says Geology, Geophysics and Imaging (GGI) team leader Jeff Moore of NASA’s Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, California.. That suggests the close-up region, which covers less than one percent of Pluto’s surface, may still be geologically active today.”

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The Icy Mountains of Pluto
The Icy Mountains of Pluto

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(The Icy Mountains of Pluto)

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Now, My Dear Shoevians, we move on to one of Pluto’s moons… Charon. Pluto has five moons that orbit the little dwarf planet. (Yes, I am still a little miffed that they took away Pluto’s designation as one of our solar system’s nine planets) New horizons snapped some really impressive images of Charon and of Pluto and Charon together. Below are three of the most recent of these images.

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The image, below, is a false-color image made from composites taken by the Ralph imaging package. They were taken to highlight their compositional diversity. They are shown here in exaggerated colors that make it easy to note the differences in surface material and features on each planetary body.

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““These images show that Pluto and Charon are truly complex worlds. There’s a whole lot going on here,” said New Horizons co-investigator Will Grundy, Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, Arizona. “Our surface composition team is working as fast as we can to identify the substances in different regions on Pluto and unravel the processes that put them where they are.”[15]

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Pluto and Charon Shine in False Color
Pluto and Charon Shine in False Color

[16]

(Pluto and Charon Shine in False Color)

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Well, My Dear Shoevians, as I write this edition of ‘Lost in Space’ I can clearly see that this edition will qualify as a ‘Gargantuan’ edition. That means that this edition of ‘Lost in Space’ has twelve or more pages of content, twelve or more images and twelve or more footnotes. So, when you see me advertise this article in; Facebook, Twitter, Tumbler, and Pintrest you will see me use the designation ‘Gargantuan’. I don’t use it often, but when I do you can be sure that you are in for a real treat of an article.

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I started this article back on the 17th of this month. That is the day that I did the research on the images, uploaded the images to my computer, captured the links for the footnotes and copied text from the original sites for quotes, here. This is a long process, but one that yields a high quality article, one that I enjoy sharing and can take pride… in. Our next-to-the-last image, of this edition, is a full screen close-up of Pluto’s moon, Charon. Taken late by New Horizons’ Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) on July 13, 2015 from a distance of 289,000 miles (466,000 kilometers) this image was a defining moment for the project.

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Charon’s Surprising, Youthful and Varied Terrain
Charon’s Surprising, Youthful and Varied Terrain

[17]

(Charon’s Surprising, Youthful and Varied Terrain)

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Just below the equator, in this image, you can see a swath of cliffs and troughs. They stretch about 600 miles (1,000 kilometers) from left to right, suggesting widespread fracturing of Charon’s crust, likely a result of internal processes. In the upper right quadrant of this image (just below the upper polar region) the ‘dark spot’ is actually a canyon four to six miles deep!

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My Dear Shoevians we have come to the final image of this ‘Gargantuan’ edition of ‘Lost in Space’. Building on the image above, our following image shows a close-up of another region of the surface of Charon. We see the region of Charon’s surface just to the east of the image above. This image is named ‘Mountain in a Moat’.

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New Horizons Close-Up of Charon’s ‘Mountain in a Moat’
New Horizons Close-Up of Charon’s ‘Mountain in a Moat’

[18]

(New Horizons Close-Up of Charon’s ‘Mountain in a Moat’)

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“The image shows an area approximately 240 miles (390 kilometers) from top to bottom, including few visible craters. “The most intriguing feature is a large mountain sitting in a moat,” said Jeff Moore with NASA’s Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California, who leads New Horizons’ Geology, Geophysics and Imaging team. “This is a feature that has geologists stunned and stumped.”[19]

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Well, My Dear Shoevians, I hope that you have enjoyed this ‘Gargantuan’ edition of ‘Lost in Space’. While it has taken me nearly a week to finish; writing, embedding images, editing and publishing this article? It was a labor of love. For, you see, My Dear Shoevians this is the very first article I have written and produced with my regular method since I landed my new URL! Yes, I have published nearly a dozen articles at all three blog locations, since Friday, for them I used a different method to; write, edit and publish. This way is longer, more difficult and more time consuming… but it is my method.

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As always, My Dear Shoevians, if you have enjoyed this article please be sure to ‘Like’ and ‘Share’ this with all your friends and family and all the social media you use and enjoy. This way more and more people can find and, too, enjoy this article and my works. I will be back, as soon as tomorrow, with more and more articles.

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My Dear Shoevians, if the past four days are any indication? You will see more articles and more often than ever before in my publishing career. I hope you enjoy what I have to share.

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Adieu!

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Thank you!

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Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe
Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

© 2010 – 2015 Hanning Web Wurx and The Other Shoe



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